Beta-demascenone contributes to the woody, floral taste of tequila. Volatile compounds that contribute to the overall taste and aroma of tequila can be quantitatively assessed and evaluated by gas chromatography. If silver or white tequila is the desired final product, distillation is the final process it undergoes. There are, however, more than 50 different companies producing tequila in the Mexican province of Jaliscowith different maturation times according to the variety of tequila and desired quality of the final product.
All companies producing tequila have their aging processes regulated and fiscalized by the Mexican government. The maturation process causes four main chemical transformations to the tequila compounds: 1 decreasing of fusel oils by the char in barrels, which acts as an absorbing agent; 2 extraction of complex wood constituents by tequila, giving specific aroma and flavor to the final product; 3 reactions among the components of tequila, creating new chemical compounds; and 4 oxidation of the original contents of tequila and of those extracted from wood.
The final results of these changes are increased concentrations of acids, esters and aldehydes, and a decrease in fusel oil concentration. Reposado may be rested in oak barrels or casks as large as 20, liters 5, gallonsallowing for richer and more complex flavors. The preferred oak comes from the US, France, or Canada, and is usually white oak.
Some companies char the wood to impart a smoky flavor or use barrels previously used with different kinds of alcohol e. Some reposados can also be aged in new wood barrels to achieve the same woody flavor and smoothness, but in less time.
The barrels cannot be more than liters gallonsand most are in the liter gallon range. Many of the barrels used are from whiskey distilleries in the US or Canada, and Jack Daniels barrels are especially popular.
TMA tristeza y muerte de agave — "agave depression and death" is a blight that has reduced the production of the agave grown to produce tequila. This has resulted in lower production and higher prices throughout the early 21st century, and due to the long maturation of the plant, will likely continue to affect prices for years to come.
Tequila certain mezcalsusually from the state of Oaxacaare ever sold con gusano with worm. They are added as a marketing gimmick  and are not traditional.
The tequila regulatory council does not allow gusanos or scorpions which are sometimes also added to mezcals to be included in tequila bottles. Finding one in the plant during processing indicates an infestation and, correspondingly, a lower-quality product. However, this misconception continues, despite effort and marketing to represent tequila as a premium liquor. The Norma Oficial Mexicana NOM applies to all processes and activities related to the supply of agave, production, bottling, marketing, information, and business practices linked to the distilled alcoholic beverage known as tequila.
Tequila must be produced using agave of the species Tequilana Weber Blue varietygrown in the federal states and municipalities indicated in the Declaration. Furthermore, the NOM establishes the technical specifications and legal requirements for the protection of the Appellation of Origin of "Tequila" in accordance with the current General Declaration of Protection of the Appellation of Origin of "Tequila", the Law, the Industrial Property Law, the Federal Consumer Protection Law and other related legal provisions.
All authentic, regulated tequilas will have a NOM identifier on the bottle. The number after NOM is the distillery Tequila, assigned by the government. NOM does not indicate the location of the distillery, merely the parent company or, in the case where a company leases space in a plant, the physical plant where the tequila was manufactured. Unlike wine that contains tannins which may change over time, even in a bottle if proper storage conditions are not met, spirituous liquors like tequila do not change much once they are bottled.
Also, storage conditions will have more effect on the taste of aged tequila rather than the un-aged tequila, due to tannins and other compounds introduced into the spirit from the aging barrel.
Once the bottle is opened, the tequila will be subject to oxidation which will continue to happen even if no more oxygen is introduced. In addition, if the bottle has more room for air, the process of oxidation occurs faster on the liquor remaining inside the bottle.
Mixtos use both glucose and fructose sugars. There are also four categories for tequila, depending on the aging period: . As with other spirits aged in casks, tequila takes on the flavors of the wood, while the harshness of the alcohol mellows. The Consejo Regulador del Tequila Tequila Regulatory Council reported registered brands from producers for the year In Mexico, the most traditional way to drink tequila Tequila neat, without lime and salt.
It is popular in some regions to drink fine tequila with a side of Tequila —a sweet, sour, and spicy drink typically made from orange juice, grenadine or tomato juiceand hot chilli. Equal-sized shots of tequila and sangrita are sipped alternately, Tequila, without salt or lime.
Outside Mexico, a single shot of tequila is often served with salt and a slice of lime. This is called tequila cruda and is sometimes referred to as "training wheels", "lick-sip-suck", or "lick-shoot-suck" referring to the way in which the combination of ingredients is imbibed. The drinkers moisten the back of their Tequila below the index finger usually by licking and pour on the salt. Then the salt is licked off the hand, the tequila is drunk, and the fruit slice is quickly bitten.
Groups of drinkers often do this simultaneously. Drinking tequila in this way is often erroneously called a Tequila Slammer which is in fact a mix of tequila and carbonated drink. Though the traditional Mexican shot is tequila by itself, lime is the fruit of choice when a chaser must be used. In Germany and some other countries, tequila oro gold is often consumed with cinnamon on a slice of orange after, while tequila blanco white is consumed with salt and lime.
Some tequila distilleries label their tequila as "made with blue agave" or "made from blue agave". Some distillers of lower-quality tequila have marketed their product to be served "ice-cold chilled" when used as a shot. Chilling any alcohol can be used to reduce the smell or flavors associated with a lower-quality product. Any alcoholic product, when served as a chilled shot, may be more palatable to the consumer.
These tequilas are usually sipped from a snifter glass rather than a shot glass, and savoured instead of quickly gulped. Doing so allows the taster to detect subtler fragrances and flavors that would otherwise be missed. When served neat without any additional ingredientstequila is most often served in a narrow shot glass called a caballito little horse, in Spanish but can often be found in anything from a snifter to a tumbler.
The Consejo Regulador del Tequila approved an "official tequila glass" in called the Ouverture Tequila glass, made by Riedel. The margarita glassfrequently rimmed with salt or sugar, is a staple for the entire genre of tequila-based mixed drinks, including the margarita. A variety of cocktails are made with tequila, including the margarita, a cocktail that helped make tequila popular in the United States. The traditional margarita uses tequila, Cointreauand lime juice,  though many variations exist.
A popular cocktail in Mexico is the Paloma. Also, a number of martini variants involve tequila, and a large number of tequila drinks are made by adding fruit juice. These include the Tequila Sunrise and the Matador. Sodas and other carbonated drinks are a common mixer, as in the Tequila Slammer. Under Canadian regulations C.
However, once imported to Canada for sale, it is legal for Tequila to be diluted with bottled or purified water to adjust it to the desired strength and then sold.
Similar to the law of Canada, the U. However, Tequila cannot be sold in the U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Alcoholic beverage from Mexico. This article is about the alcoholic beverage. For other uses, see Tequila disambiguation. Main article: List of tequilas.
See also: List of cocktails with tequila. Liquor portal Drink portal. Retrieved Consejo Regulador del Tequila. Retrieved 25 May Secretariat of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 8 January Archived from the original on 14 February Government Printing Office. The Complete Book of Spirits. Retrieved 11 March Associated Press. CBS News. NBC News. CalTrade Report. Tequila struggles to define itself in Mexico.
USA Today. Associated Press Online. July 23, Culture Trip. In Search of the Blue Agave. Retrieved 20 May Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 14 May The brand's aged tequilas are particularly impressive and have a reputation that puts them among the best of the best.
It instantly improves any cocktail it touches and really shines in a shaken margarita with fresh juice. Before the tequila boom of the last couple of decades, gold tequila was almost the only choice at many liquor stores. Two Fingers happens to be among the least expensive tequilas on the market as well.
Each sip is pure pleasure, and the tequila makes a fantastic margarita. The distillery only uses agave grown on the estate so it can ensure quality from field to bottle. The blanco tequila is crisp, clean, and full of that unmistakable agave flavor.
It is everything you would hope to find in a great tequila. You definitely won't mind shooting or mixing this one! When it comes to a reliable, easy-to-find tequila, it's a nice option.
The reposado is a blend of tequilas that use a traditional tahona wheel and modern rollers, bringing out the best of both agave processing techniques. Colleen Graham is a beverage writer with over a decade of experience writing about cocktails and bartending. She has visited tequila distilleries in Mexico, tasted countless tequilas over the years, and wrote a book on the spirit. It is easier than ever to find them because almost every tequila brand has realized that this is what drinkers really want.
However, there are options available, and some of these are rather impressive for the price. The blanco will be the least expensive of any tequila's portfolio. Written by. Colleen Graham. Colleen Graham is a cocktail expert, professional bartender, and cookbook author with over 10 years of experience in the food-writing world.
Our Top Picks. Best Overall:. Best Cheap:. Best Mid-Priced:. Best Top-Shelf:. Best Reposado:. Best Gold:. Best Patron:. Best Overall: Casamigos Blanco Tequila. Buy on drizly. The 11 Best Tequilas to Drink in Best Cheap: Sauza Silver Tequila. The 6 Best Margarita Mixes of Good to Know The beauty of the tequila revolution is that there is a tequila out there for everyone.
Разум Без Скверны Чревоубожества - Театр Яда - Лучевые машины (CDr, Album), La Plena De San Antón, Que Guapa Esta Sevilla - Manuel Pareja Obregón - Sevillanas Antológicas - Vol. I (CD, Album, LP), Brâul Cârpenilor - Doina Timișului - Romanian Tradition (CD, Album), Your Heart And Soul - Barry White - Come On In Love (CD, Album), Crazy But No Fool - House Of Shakira - Retoxed (CD, Album), The Race Is On - Various - Eject It (Cassette), Tsunxmi - Ephemera (Cassette, Album), Pounding Boogie - Vanity (21) - Dont Be Shy (Vinyl, LP)