Those laws may condone penalties or retaliation for blasphemy under the labels of blasphemous libel expression of opposition, or "vilification," of religion or of some religious practices,   religious insult,  or hate speech.
In the judgment E. Austriathe European Court of Human Rights declined to strike down the blasphemy law in Austria on Article 10 freedom of speech grounds, saying that criminalisation of blasphemy could be supported within a state's margin of appreciation. This decision was widely criticised by human rights organisations and commentators both in Europe and North America. Christian theology condemns blasphemy. It is spoken of in Markwhere blaspheming the Holy Spirit is spoken of as unforgivable—an eternal sin.
However, there is dispute over what form this blasphemy may take and whether it qualifies as blasphemy in the conventional sense; and over the meaning of "unforgivable". In 2 Kings 18, the Rabshakeh gave the word from the king of Assyria, [ clarification needed ] dissuading trust in the Lord, asserting that God is no more able to deliver than all the gods of the land.
In Matthew —3Jesus told a paralytic "your sins are forgiven" and was accused of blasphemy. Blasphemy has been condemned as a serious sin by the major creeds and Church theologians apostasy and infidelity [unbelief] were generally considered to be the gravest sins, with heresy a greater sin than blasphemy, cf. Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologiae. In the Catholic Church, there are specific prayers and devotions as Acts of Reparation for blasphemy.
The Holy See has specific "Pontifical organizations" for the purpose of the reparation of blasphemy through Acts of Reparation to Jesus Christe. The most common punishment for blasphemers was capital punishment through hanging or stoning, justified by the words of Leviticus — Then the Lord Blasphemia - Creature (7) - Feindtbild (CD) to Moses, saying, "Bring out of the camp the one who cursed, and let all who heard him lay their hands on his head, and let all the congregation stone him.
And speak to the people of Israel, saying, Whoever curses his God shall bear his sin. Whoever blasphemes Blasphemia - Creature (7) - Feindtbild (CD) name of the Lord shall surely be put to death. All the congregation shall stone him. The sojourner as well as the native, when he blasphemes the Name, shall be put to death. The last person hanged for blasphemy in Great Britain was Thomas Aikenhead aged 20, in Scotland in He was prosecuted for denying the veracity of the Old Testament and the legitimacy of Christ's miracles.
In England, under common lawblasphemy came to be punishable by fine, imprisonment or corporal punishment. Blackstonein his commentariesdescribed the offence as. Denying the being of God, contumelious reproaches of our Saviour Christ, profane scoffing at the Holy scripture, or exposing it to contempt or ridicule. Blasphemia - Creature (7) - Feindtbild (CD) the 18th and 19th centuries, this meant that promoting atheism could be a crime and was vigorously prosecuted.
It ended with the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act which abolished the common law offences of blasphemy and blasphemous libel. During the Middle Ages a series of debates on Judaism were staged by the Catholic Churchincluding the Disputation of Paristhe Disputation of Barcelonaand Disputation of Tortosa —14and during those disputations, Jewish converts to Christianity, such as Nicholas Donin in Paris and Pablo Christiani in Barcelona claimed the Talmud contained insulting references to Jesus.
It followed the work of Nicholas Donina Jewish convert to Christianitywho translated the Talmud and pressed 35 charges against it to Pope Gregory IX by quoting a series of alleged blasphemous passages about JesusMary or Christianity. A commission of Christian theologians condemned the Talmud to be burned and on 17 Junetwenty-four carriage loads of Jewish religious manuscripts were set on fire in the streets of Paris, Blasphemia - Creature (7) - Feindtbild (CD).
Between and the Roman Catholic Church at various times either forced the censoring of parts of the Talmud that it considered theologically problematic or the destruction of copies of the Talmud. In Manusmriti If a person commits any of the Maha Patakas, the sin shall never leave them until their death, ultimately leading them to temporary hell but in the end Moksha. Blasphemy in Islam is impious utterance or action concerning GodMuhammad or anything considered sacred in Islam.
In Leviticus the punishment for blasphemy is death. In Jewish law the only form of blasphemy which is punishable by death is blaspheming the name of the Lord. The Seven Laws of Noahwhich Judaism sees as applicable to all people, prohibit blasphemy. In one of the texts of the Dead Sea Scrollscalled the Damascus Documentviolence against non-Jews also called Gentiles is prohibited, except in cases where it is sanctioned by a Jewish governing authority "so that they will not blaspheme". He is a swine, a dog, a donkey, a cat, a beast, a filthy one, a mean man and a pariah low castewho turns his face away from the Guru.
In the Guru Granth Sahib, Page. Fareed: O faithless dog, this is not a good way of life. You never come to the mosque for your five daily prayers.
Rise up, Fareed, and cleanse yourself; chant your morning prayer. The head which does not bow to the Lord - chop off and remove that head. In the Guru Granth Sahib, page 89—2, . Chop off that head which does not bow to the Lord. O Nanak, that human body, in which there is no pain of separation from the Lord-let that be to the flames.
Further in the Guru Granth Sahib page. In the early 21st century, blasphemy became an issue in the United Nations. The United Nations passed several resolutions which called upon the world to take action against the "defamation of religions". The campaign for worldwide criminal penalties for the "defamation of religions" had been spearheaded Blasphemia - Creature (7) - Feindtbild (CD) Organisation of Islamic Cooperation on behalf of the United Nations' large Muslim bloc.
The campaign ended in when the proposal was withdrawn in Geneva, in the Human Rights Council because of lack of support, marking an end to the effort to establish worldwide blasphemy strictures along the lines of those in Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and Iran.
This resolution had passed every year sincein the United Blasphemia - Creature (7) - Feindtbild (CD), with declining number of "yes" votes with each successive year. Prohibitions of displays of lack of respect for a religion or other belief system, including blasphemy laws, are incompatible with the Covenant, except in the specific circumstances envisaged in article 20, paragraph 2, of the Covenant.
Such prohibitions must also comply with the strict requirements of article 19, paragraph 3, as well as such articles as 2, 5, 17, 18 and Thus, for instance, it would be impermissible for any such laws to discriminate in favor of or against one or certain religions or belief systems, or their adherents over another, or religious believers over non-believers. Nor would it be permissible for such prohibitions to be used to prevent or punish criticism of religious leaders or commentary on religious doctrine and tenets of faith.
In contemporary language, the notion of blasphemy is often used hyperbolically. This usage has garnered some interest among linguists recently, and the word 'blasphemy' is a common case used for illustrative purposes. International Blasphemy Dayobserved annually on September 30, encourages individuals and groups to openly express criticism of religion and blasphemy laws. It was founded in by the Center for Inquiry. Ronald Lindsay, president and CEO of the Center for Inquiry, said, regarding Blasphemy Day, "[W]e think religious beliefs should be subject to examination and criticism just as political beliefs are, but we have a taboo on religion", in an interview with CNN.
Events worldwide on the first annual Blasphemy Day in included an art exhibit in Washington, D. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the video game, see Blasphemous video game. For other uses, see Blasphemy disambiguation. Insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence for a religious deity or sacred person or thing. Local restrictions.
Fines and restrictions. Prison sentences. Death sentences. Main article: Blasphemy law. Main article: Islam and blasphemy.
See also: List of capital crimes in the Torah. Main article: Blasphemy and the United Nations. On blasphemy. Random House Dictionary. Retrieved 12 January Quote: impious utterance or action concerning God or sacred things. Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 17 May A recent survey has shown that Danish citizens still largely back the country's 'blasphemy' law.
The law, which makes it illegal to "mock legal religions and faiths in Denmark", is supported by around 66 per cent of Danish voters, according to a recent survey conducted by the liberal group CEPOS. Speaking about the report, religious expert Tim Jensen from the University of Southern Denmark said, "Danes may see the blasphemy law as helping integration because it promotes the acceptance of a multicultural and multi-faith society.
But it can also be problematic if it reflects a belief that the feelings of religious people have a special status and require special protection," the Berlingske news agency reports. A different argument for the retention of the offence of blasphemy and for its extension to the protection of all religions in the UK [the offence protected only the majority religion] has been offered by Parekh: a majority religion does not need the protection offered by an offence of blasphemy, but minority religions do because of their vulnerability in the face of the majority.
The Copenhagen Post. It is covered by the Open Game License v1. To distinguish it, these items will have this notice. If you see any page that contains SRD material and does not show this license statement, please contact an admin so that this license statement can be added.
It is our intent to work within this license in good faith. Categories : OGL 3. Personal tools Talk Contributions Create account Log in. Home of user-generated, homebrew pages! This material is published under the OGL. Evocation [ EvilSonic ]. Clr 7, Evil 7. Equal to caster level. Up to caster level —1. Up to caster level —5. Up to caster level — Killed, paralyzedweakened, dazed.
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